IDF DIABETES ATLAS 5th edition | update. DEATHS due to diabetes in WORLD. M people living with diabetes. %. PREVALENCE. 50%. EAPC Atlas of Palliative Care in Europe Task Force. COPYRIGHT The Worldwide Palliative Care Alliance (WPCA) is a global action network focusing exclusively on hospice and WPCA (), and Human Rights Watch (). 27, The State of the World Atlas is a magnificently visual survey of current In , the combined impact of severe drought in the USA – a major.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Portuguese|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Register to download]|
This 6th edition of the IDF Diabetes Atlas once again sets the standard for evidence on the global epidemiology of diabetes. The new estimates build. Political Map of the World, October ARCTIC OCEAN. ARCTIC OCEAN. ARCTIC OCEAN. AUSTRALIA. Bermuda. Sicily / AZORES. Independent country. Chagos. Archipelago/. Diego Garcia**. Wallis and. Futune Islands. (Fr.) Greenland. (Denmark). Cook. Islands. (N.Z.). MONACO. ESTONIA.
On the other side, part of the problem revealed by the obesity epidemic is the difficulty people have escaping the trap of their own appetites and patterns of consumption. These are often not just social habits but effective physiological dependence on the animal fats and sugars that cheap processed foods contain.
Even more is this the case with smoking. Tobacco is addictive and remains the only legal, mass-marketed consumable in which harm is inherent in the core function. It is not a side effect, nor a result of using it wrongly; use tobacco as advertised and harm ensues.
It is one of the five main life-style causes of cancer. But if a consideration of obesity and smoking leads us to think about human short-sightedness and capacity for self-harm, looking at health issues is also inspiring.
Resources and knowledge have been mobilized that are capable of defeating diseases. Likewise, many forms of cancer are treatable or preventable; the advance of medical science has opened the path towards eventually defeating it. With health, however, as with almost everything, the distribution of resources and therefore of access to treatment and preventive education is unequal. Richer countries inevitably have better access to both. As a result, despite scientific advances, the estimated incidence of cancer is expected to double by For mental and behavioural disorders, the number of known sufferers is proportionately about the same in high-income and low-income countries, but the difference between per capita spending on medicines in high-and lowincome countries respectively is over 1, to 1; for antipsychotic drugs, it is over 2, to 1.
Health is a development issue, not only because greater economic development tends to bring about better health care and better public health as clean water and sanitation facilities are provided, but also because a population weakened by illness is less economically productive. The relatively light disease burdens of the richer countries — and a few striking cases such as Libya under Gaddafi, interestingly enough and Cuba — are part of the benefits of their economic growth.
And the heavy disease burdens of some other countries not only reflect but also contribute to their weaker economic performance. Among the richer countries, it is the more egalitarian that have the best health records — both in physical and mental health.
The social fabric that contributes to even, friendly relations, eases health issues by encouraging people to help and take the pressure off each other. High levels of income inequality appear to inflict damage on that fabric by highlighting the divisions in society. Overall, huge advances have been registered — and all other things being equal, will presumably continue to be registered — in the treatment of diseases including cancer. This brings enormous relief to millions of people.
Meanwhile, alongside the ailments brought us by nature and by our natural physiology, the way we live and behave continues to generate the problems that medical science has to solve. The next step, surely, is to figure out how to live better. Malnutrition For the past two decades the number of undernourished people worldwide has remained stubbornly steady, although undernourished people now represent a smaller proportion of an increased global population.
Deficiencies in diet are as serious a problem as insufficiencies of food. The absence of vitamins in daily intake can lead to crushing ailments. Food prices soared in to , leading to serious violence in at least 30 countries. The economic crunch of to and longer in some countries raised fears that, even in some rich countries, hunger would return and undernourishment rise again.
In , the combined impact of severe drought in the USA — a major food supplier to the world — and floods and drought elsewhere was predicted to raise global food prices once more.
Obesity With 1. Cheap processed foods are particularly high in animal fats and sugars. In rich countries, the unhealthy diet of those on low incomes and in poverty is fuelling the obesity epidemic, which is in turn contributing to serious diseases. Health services are struggling to cope with the strain.
America growing obese. By , about BMI scores are categorized as follows: Smoking Tobacco smoke contains 4, known chemicals, of which at least are harmful and 50 cause cancers. Between a third and a half of smokers die from tobacco-related diseases, losing on average 15 years compared to life expectancy. Tobacco causes a death every six seconds. Compared to million deaths from tobacco in the 20th century, current trends are for up to 1 billion tobacco-related deaths by the end of the 21st.
Spreading the word Countries where there was at least one anti-tobacco national mass media campaign — Cancer Beating cancer now is a realistic ambition because, at long last, we largely know its genetic and chemical characteristics. Cancer is a generic name for diseases characterized by the growth and spread of abnormal cells. It is believed to be the commonest cause of death worldwide, responsible for 13 per cent of all deaths.
Though treatments and preventive strategies are improving, the estimated incidence of cancer more than doubled from to , and it is expected to double again by In countries where prosperity is advancing, bringing with it changes in lifestyle, diet, and tobacco use, the incidence of cancer is rising.
Although the rate of cancer is currently four times greater in high-income countries than elsewhere, rates in poorer countries are increasing rapidly. Cancer is most treatable when caught early. On a large scale, early diagnosis requires education and active screening programmes as part of comprehensive health care — more likely prospects in richer than in poorer countries.
Unequal death rates Once cancer has been contracted, the rate of death is five times higher in poorer than in richer countries. In , there were approximately 34 million people living with HIV, 10 per cent of them children below the age of A cure for HIV infection has not been found, but effective treatment with anti-retroviral drugs allows patients to restrict the virus and enjoy healthy and productive lives.
And with knowledge about how the virus is passed on through sexual contact and shared needles used for drugs, infection can be avoided.
But, thanks to treatment and education, the numbers of new infections and deaths are declining. So, the epidemic can be stopped — but only if more resources are provided to fight it. Mental Health Worldwide about million people suffer mental and behavioural disorders. Hundreds of millions more have psychological problems.
People with mental disorders are at greater risk of catching and passing on communicable diseases, and of committing suicide. About , people take their own lives each year and this is the third leading cause of death among young people. In many countries, mental disorder is a taboo subject, more shaming to a family than other diseases and any other behaviour.
As a result, the human rights of psychiatric patients are routinely abused in most countries — physical restraint, isolation, and the denial both of basic needs and of privacy. Alongside this, the stigma attached to mental disorder leads to this large and highly visible health issue being under-resourced. Mental-health resources Median number of psychiatric beds in general hospitals per 1 million people WHO regions.
Rich countries have times as many psychiatrists as poor countries, proportionate to their population.
Expenditure on medicines For mental and behavioural disorders per , people by country income Antipsychotic drugs Expenditure per , people: But the burden of disease is greater than that: The DALY is calculated as the combined total of years of potential life lost to premature death plus years lived with disability.
It is possible to compare all the countries for which there are data by breaking the DALY total down to reflect the rate per , people. As a way of measuring the burden imposed by disease, it is limited to measuring time rather than, for example, intensity of suffering while ill. But it is a fuller measure than the alternatives and is increasingly used. That can be thought of as the global norm. Two small, rich countries Iceland and Kuwait do better than that, and 83 other countries — some big and richly blessed with natural resources — do worse.
To view the source, it is recommended that the reader types the title of the page or document into a search engine.
Evans NJ. Indirect passage from Europe: Transmigration via the UK, — Journal for Maritime Research 3 1 Seabright P. The Company of Strangers.
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, , p. UN Habitat. The 7 fastest-growing cities in the world. World Development Indicators online. File 11a. Sovereignty won; State formation Turner B editor. The politics, cultures and economies of the world. Palgrave Macmillan, The World Factbook. State of World Population People and possibilities in a world of 7 billion.
World Population Prospects. The Revision. World Health Statistics Part II. Global health indicator tables and footnotes. Estimates of regional and global life expectancy, — Population and Development Review 31 3 ; Table 1. Ethnic, national, and racial minorities; The language of government The World Factbook. Languages of the World. World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples. Library of Congress Country Studies.
International Migration The Atlas of Religion. Earthscan, Dec Provost, C. Global teacher shortage threatens progress on education. Adult and youth literacy: Global trends in gender parity.
UIS Factsheet, Sept , no. Cities around the world The largest cities in the world by land area, population and density. Largest cities and their mayors in Governance, infrastructure and cost recovery, BBC News, 9 Jan Alligators in the sewers. Chinese struggling less than Americans to afford basics. Relative human development UNDP. Human Development Report The alternative view Colwell J. One of the happiest places on Earth?
UN Population Division. Scary but true facts about Walmart. Bank wealth; Weighed in the balance… The World Bank. Bloomberg analysts, quoted by PBS, 9 March Something went very wrong with UK banking and we need to put it right. Level of corruption Transparency International. Corruption Perceptions Index Shadow economies all over the world. The World Bank, Table 3.
Time to tackle tax havens. Government gross debt General government gross debt.
The Millennium Development Goals Report New York: United Nations, Washington DC: World Bank, World Development Indicators. More Actors, more money, more ideas for international development co-operation.
Journal for International Development. Pinker S. The Better Angels of our Nature. It used to be a primary language of ancient India.
We follow editorialcalls. About India. Transport in India. Cities Of India. Pakistani English Mahboob, Ahmar Pages Part VI: Aboriginal English and associated varieties Malcolm, Ian G. Part VII: Part VIII: Regional profiles Regional profile: Regional profile: The Caribbean Hackert, Stephanie Pages North America Schneider, Edgar W.
Regional Profile: Asia Mesthrie, Rajend Pages Africa Huber, Magnus Pages Part IX: Typological profiles Typological profile: L1 varieties Szmrecsanyi, Benedikt Pages Typological profile: L2 varieties Lunkenheimer, Kerstin Pages Typological Profile: Pidgins and Creoles Schneider, Agnes Pages Part X: Global profile Morphosyntactic variation in the anglophone world: Index of varieties and languages Pages Index of features Pages Foldout 1: Foldout 2: